Turkey is spread over a wide geographical area of up to 783,562 square kilometers. Such large countries require the establishment of a large number of infrastructure projects such as airports in the main cities. These airports are important to facilitate the movement of traffic between one city and another on the one hand, and between Turkey and other countries in the world on the other. This made Turkey an important asset for tourism and industry compared to the rest of the world. It is clear how the governments of Turkey utilizes the book in the airports to develop the economic sector.
Over the period of Erdogan’s party governments, the number of Turkish airports increased from 25 to 55 in 2015.Turkish passengers increased from 35 millions to 180 millions.Turkey has 56 domestic and international airports. Istanbul has three international airports: Ataturk Airport, Sabiha Airport, and finally Istanbul International Airport.
Ataturk International Airport:
Ataturk Airport is located in the European part of the city of Istanbul. The airport is about 24 kilometers from the city center where it ranks fourth in the European countries in terms of passenger traffic. Ataturk Airport was established in 1924. It was opened in 1953 and then in 1980 The name was changed to Ataturk Airport, in honor of the founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. It covers an area of 9.470,554 square meters. It is the most airport previously used in Turkey, the airport has two runways for aircraft to take off. It includes 23 passenger bridges and four stations. The airport was closed in April this year and is only used for commercial and military flights.
Sabiha Gokcen International Airport:
Sabiha Gokcen Airport is located in the Asian part of Istanbul away from the city center. In Istanbul, this airport was established in 2003, due to the great pressure on Ataturk Airport. Sabiha Airport has witnessed significant progress since its inception.
Departments of Sabiha Airport:
Sabiha Airport consists of two passenger terminals: the International Passenger Terminal and the Domestic Passenger Terminal. The International Passenger Terminal consists of 3 lounges, two departure terminals and the third for arrivals.
Services offered by Sabiha Airport:
Other facilities available in the airport include lounges and garages. One of which can accommodate 600 cars and the other 50 buses, a post office, car rental and a bank, tax-free shops in addition to many cafeterias and restaurants. For check-in and baggage services can accommodate 500,000 passengers annually, while the international terminal has a capacity of
3,000,000 passengers. Sabiha Gokcen Airport offers other facilities dedicated to the development of tourism exhibitions in order to strengthen tourism in Istanbul. It provides access to public transport, fuel stations and spaces for the management and supervision of airports and aviation industry.
New Istanbul Airport:
The third airport in Istanbul is one of the largest airports in the world, was established by order of Turkish President Erdogan and opened on October 29 2019 It is located in the European part of Istanbul in Arnaut Koy On the Black Sea within a Turkish state-owned forest and nature reserve. It is spread over 67.5 million square meters. The airport has six runways and capable of accommodating nine million passengers annually. The airport can accommodate 114 aircraft at the same time, it is possible to run about three Thousands trips a day.
Built under one roof on an area of 1.3 million m2 of the largest building currently in the world. The roof was created according to the rules and architecture adopted by the famous Turkish architect Sinan Pasha. The airport contains a free zone overlooking the Bosphorus Strait Airport Security. For the security of the airport and passengers for the first time will use ground radars in the new Istanbul airport, and will monitor traffic from a distance of 2.5 km in every 60 meters there will be fixed cameras for one direction, and in every 360 meters multi-directional cameras, and in every 720 meters cameras and sensors, A digital recognition system, and the infrastructure was equipped to recognize people’s faces.
The government believes that the new airport will change the course of economic and development events in the world with greatness, magnitude and service capabilities.This will contribute to the transfer of global financial assets to Istanbul, thus realizing its vision of making the city the largest financial, economic and commercial center.